February 4, 2023

Filipino Guardian

Sentinels of Filipino Free Press

The mini contraceptive pill: what you need to know

What is the mini pill?

Most birth control pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin, a man-made form of progesterone. The mini pill contains only progestin. Progestogen-only pills are sometimes called POPs.

How does the mini pill work?

Minipills interfere with ovulation and trick your body into thinking it’s already pregnant – because eggs aren’t normally released during pregnancy. But mini pills don’t always stop ovulation, so they also have a backup plan:

They also make the uterine wall thinner. So when your ovaries release an egg and sperm make their way to the egg, the thinner uterine wall cannot support pregnancy. Progestin also kills sperm so they cannot get into the uterus.

In addition to contraception, the mini-pill has other advantages

Helps reduce acne breakouts. Makes your periods more regular, lighter and less painful

Side effects and risks of the mini pill

Like all medicines, the mini-pill has some risks or side effects. For some people, the minipill can cause:

Acne Bleeding between periods Weight change Headaches Increased hair growth Nausea Sore breasts

Minipill prescription

You need a prescription to get the mini pill. It is not available without a prescription.

Your doctor may agree that the mini-pill is right for you if you:

have had blood clots or clots in the lungs have a medical problem that could cause blood clots are worried about the side effects of estrogen-progestogen pills or have had side effects of estrogen-progestogen pills are breast-feeding are over 35 years old and smoke high blood pressure have migraines Suffer

People who should not take the mini-pill include those who:

had breast cancer or liver disease. Have unexplained uterine bleeding

How effective is the mini pill?

In order for the mini-pill to be as effective as possible, you should consider the following:

1. It takes a month to work. Use an additional barrier method of birth control, such as a condom.

2. You must take the mini-pill at the same time each day for it to work. If you are even 3 hours late, you should use extra barrier contraception until your next period.

3. If you miss a dose, you must use a backup method until your next period

What does the mini pill not do?

The mini-pill does not guarantee 100% protection against pregnancy. About 10% of people who take minipills become pregnant. The minipill also doesn’t protect you from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If you are in a situation where you could get an STI, such as syphilis or HIV, you must use a barrier method of birth control.

Questions to ask your pharmacist about the mini-pill

When picking up your prescription, ask your pharmacist when to start taking the minipill (from what point in your cycle). Also, talk to your pharmacist about various medications that could make the pill less effective. Some medicines, such as certain antibiotics, can affect how the pill works.