Gaea Katreena Cabico – Philstar.com
November 15, 2022 | 8:13 a.m
BALI, Indonesia – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres stressed that G20 member states – responsible for 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions – should make additional efforts this decade to reach the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees to keep Celsius alive.
“Science tells us that global warming beyond this limit poses an existential threat to all life under threat. But global emissions and temperatures continue to rise,” Guterres told reporters in the Indonesian island resort of Bali Monday night.
Under the landmark 2015 Paris Agreement, global warming must be limited to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, while efforts continue towards a stricter 1.5°C cap.
Climate scientists have said that with every increase in warming, climate shocks will get worse.
The UN chief has set out a “Climate Solidarity Pact” that would require developed nations to make extra efforts to reduce planet-warming emissions while providing technical and financial support to emerging economies.
He said the proposed pact could help end the world’s dependence on fossil fuels while providing universal, affordable and sustainable energy for all.
“G20 leaders can make or break the climate solidarity pact,” Guterres said.
“Action – or inaction – by the G20 will determine whether every member of our human family has the chance to live sustainably and peacefully on a healthy planet,” he added.
Last week in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, Guterres warned governments attending the COP27 climate talks that they must cooperate to fight climate change or face “collective suicide”.
Guterres also called on the G20 economies to adopt a stimulus package under the Sustainable Development Goals that will allow emerging economies to invest in health, education, gender equality and renewable energy.
He added that the stimulus package is a “minimal and necessary” step to alleviate the food and energy crisis.
Filipino activists have said that while the Philippines is not a G20 nation, there is a lot at stake at the summit because it is one of the countries hardest hit by climate change.